Iran expected to become full-fledged member of SCO at the next SCO summit in Samarkand

Iran expected to become full-fledged member of SCO at the next SCO summit in Samarkand
Iran will be admitted to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) this year, with a memorandum on the country's obligations to be signed at a summit in Samarkand, which will take place from September 15-16, Uzbekistan's acting foreign minister, Vladimir Norov, said on Monday.
According to RIA Novosti, speaking at a penal meeting in Moscow, Norov noted on July 11 that "This year, within Uzbekistan's chairmanship, Iran, as an observer state will ... become a full-fledged member of the SCO.”
“Besides, a memorandum on Iran's obligations as an SCO member will also be signed in Samarkand," Norov added.     
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization was founded at a Summit in Shanghai in 2001 by the presidents of Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.  It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization currently has eight full members -- China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, India, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
Besides, Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia are four observer states.
It is to be noted that the Islamic Republic of Iran came one step closer to becoming a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) on September 17 last year with the approval of its bid, 15 years after it first applied.  On September 17, 2021, the SCO launched the procedures of Iran's accession to the SCO, which are expected to take "a fair amount of time".  
SCO’s dialogue partners include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey.  ACEAN, CIS, Turkmenistan and the United Nations are guest attendances.
Initially focused on regional security, including border conflicts, terrorism and militant Islam, its activities have expanded to cover economics and trade, transport and law enforcement.  Security and economic cooperation remain priorities. China and Russia are the dominant members.  Russia regards Central Asia as its sphere of influence but Chinese economic sway is growing.  At an informal level, the SCO is a diplomatic platform that helps address and contain potential friction.

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